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Serra Grande’s district is located at the South Coast of Bahia. This place was chosen because it represents one of the last frontiers of the Atlantic Rainforest in Brazil and it constitutes one of the richest areas in biodiversity of the world according to the studies performed by the New York Botanical Garden. It is also a territory with great historical significance to the country and recognized sociocultural property. This very special place in Brazil has been living with severe economic, social and environmental problems for decades, mostly caused by the decay of Cocoa cultivation and the lack of planning in territory occupation.

Some indicator reflect the socioeconomic difficulties faced in the South of Bahia. For instance, the district of Uruçuca’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita is R$5.513,47 that is much lower than Bahia State’s GDP, which is R$11.232,00. The GDP of the district corresponds to only 0,06% of Bahia’s GDP. More than 50% of the local population is assisted by the welfare and the Municipal Human Development Index (MHDI) is 0,616.

The socioeconomic panorama that is revealed by these indexes instigate the desire to promote the development of the territory from bases capable to generate permanent incoming to the population, specially the low-incoming ones, offering work opportunities and allowing that the local residents stay in the area.

[1] Projeto “Mata Atlântica Nordeste” – Northeast Rainforest Project, of New York Botanical Garden and Herbário da Comissão Executiva de Planejamento da Lavoura Cacaueira (CEPLAC).
[2] Source: IBGE – has as a reference the year of 2010, following, therefor, the new reference of the Contas Nacionais – National Counting.
[3] source: Atlas Brasil 2013 United Nation Program for Development.

Rua Osvaldo Ribeiro, 221 - Serra Grande
Uruçuca – Bahia – CEP 45.680-000

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